The chief aim of the Group in the next three years is analysis of population diversity, vulnerability and resilience.

The study plan essentially entails analysis, from the demographic standpoint, of population diversity and its relationship with inequality among the population on different territorial scales. Diversity is seen as mainly the product of migration (by place of birth and by nationality) but also gender (and ascribed gender roles) and age of the population.




The study takes 6 specific goals into account:

1) Discovering the extent and cartography of sociodemographic and territorial factors of diversity and inequality, a task which entails analysis of residential segregation and concentration of the population while also bearing in mind a range of sociodemographic and economic characteristics.

2) Analysis of the resilient population – this being understood as those people who are able to withstand crises, returning to an earlier kind of equilibrium or establishing a new one in the form of surplus population in terms of the classical definition of the reserve army in the labour market – which is deemed to be incapable of being reemployed. 

3) Analysis of the family as a source of resilience, in terms of both dynamics and structure. The more vulnerable family structures will also be considered from the economic and social standpoints.

4) Analysis of migrations with regard to resilience and social vulnerability of the population. Both migrant and settled populations will be studied from the perspectives of vulnerability and resilience.

5) Forecasts the future evolution of the population, bearing in mind educational level and relationship with economic activity as forms of discrimination affecting populations within and between countries.

6) Analysis of the discourse regarding this new classification of the population, taking into account the legal and political spheres as well as the discourse of the individuals thus classified.

It should be emphasised that this project will provide empirical and theoretical responses to some of the questions that have been raised by the future evolution of the population, especially with regard to matters of social cohesion. Hence, in the activities of the research group, both the development of the basic research and transfers of knowledge that might improve management of the population and standards of living are seen as important.